原句:while they were playing tennis, she started an argument that lasted all morning.
修改后:during tennis she
started an argument that lasted all morning.
原句:when you come to the second traffic light, turn right.
修改后:at the second traffic light turn left.
删除诸如"who is”或"that is"之类的关系代词，变从句为短语，例:
句:the novel, which is written in three parts, told a story that took place in the middle ages.
修改后:the three-part novel told a story set in the middle ages.
注:把句中的"three parts"改用形容词来表达，节省了四个不必要的单词"which is written in"。我们经常可以将关系代词如"that"去掉，这只会引起最少的变动。
two joint partners will present their views over a long-distance telephone call.
it was early in the morning. mr. smith was in his garden. he was watering flowers.
early in the morning, mr. smith was
watering flowers in his garden.
a girl was crossing a road. the girl was pretty. the road was wide.
a pretty girl was crossing a wide road.
1) mr. green is a tall man, who wears a pair of thick glasses. (改成介词短语做伴随状语)
1) the book cost me 300 yuan.
mr. green is a tall man with a pair of thick glasses.
2) the ice on the lake is too thin for us to skate on. (使用so…that…结构改写句子)
the ice on the lake is so thin that we can’t skate on it.
i spent 300 yuan on the book.
i paid 300 yuan for the book.
the price of the book is 300 yuan.
it cost me 300 yuan to buy the book.
i don’t know any english, nor does li ming.
i hardly know any english, nor does li ming.
i hardly know any english,
neither does li ming.
i hardly know any english, no more does li ming.
i hardly know any english, so it is with li ming.
i know no more english than li ming does.
i know as little english as li ming does.
on/upon arriving home, i wrote down everything i had seen.
as soon as i arrived home, i wrote down everything i had seen.
the moment i arrived home, i wrote down everything i had seen.
the instant i arrived home, i wrote down everything i had seen.
no sooner had i arrived home than i wrote down everything i had seen.
he came here yesterday afternoon.
he didn’t come here until yesterday afternoon.
not until yesterday afternoon did he come here.
it was yesterday afternoon that he arrived here.
it was not until yesterday afternoon that he came here.